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On This Day – Revolts, Mutinies and a Surrender


More Revolting Peasants

1381 Richard II met leaders of Wat Tyler’s Peasants’ Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London was stormed by rebels who entered without resistance. The revolt later came to be seen as a mark of the beginning of the end of serfdom in medieval England. Although the revolt itself was a failure it increased awareness in the upper classes of the need for the reform of feudalism in England and the appalling misery felt by the lower classes as a result of their enforced near-slavery.

The Battle of Naseby

1645 The Battle of Naseby (Northamptonshire) was fought. It was the key battle of the first English Civil War. 12,000 Royalist forces of King Charles I were beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.

Mutiny on the Bounty

1789 English Captain William Bligh and 18 others, cast adrift from the H.M.S. Bounty, reached Timor after travelling nearly 4,000 miles in a small, open boat. The Bounty had been sailing from Tahiti when crew members mutinied.

Computer Daddy

1822 Englishman Charles Babbage proposed an automatic, mechanical calculator (he called it a difference engine). He is considered a ‘father of the computer’ and is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex designs.

Transatlantic Flight

1919 At 14.13 GMT, Captain John Alcock and Lt. Arthur Whitten-Brown took off from Newfoundland on the first non-stop transatlantic flight to Galway, Ireland, in a Vickers Vimy. They landed safely 16 hours later, on the 15th and claimed a £10,000 prize from the Daily Mail. They were eventually knighted by King George V. When Alcock was killed in an air crash in France in December 1919 his partner, Brown, never flew again.

Operation Perch

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1944 World War II: After several failed attempts, the British Army abandoned Operation Perch, its plan to capture the German-occupied town of Caen. Caen was a major Allied objective in the early stages of the invasion of northwest Europe but a combination of fierce German resistance and failures at the British command level foiled the operation before its objectives were achieved.

Farewell, Mr Baird

John Logie Baird

1946 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor who developed television died.

The Last of Bobby Charlton

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1970 Manchester United footballer Bobby Charlton played his 106th and last international match for England against West Germany in the World Cup finals in Mexico. His first game had been in April 1958 against Scotland.

Surrender at Port Stanley

1982 Argentine forces surrendered at Port Stanley, ending the Falklands War. 255 Britons and 652 Argentines died in the conflict.

Mrs Chief Constable

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1995 Pauline Clare, 47, became the first woman to be appointed chief constable in Britain.

The Honours List

1997 Queen Elizabeth II birthday honours included a George Medal for teacher Lisa Potts, survivor of a machete attack at her school (1996) and a posthumous Queen’s Gallantry medal for headmaster Philip Lawrence murdered outside his school in December 1995.

 

 
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Posted by on 14/06/2012 in Uncategorized

 

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On This Day – The Peasants Are Revolting


Peasants Are Revolting

1381 Wat Tyler led the peasants of Southern England in a march to London; the first popular rebellion in English history. His leadership proved one of the chief factors in the success of protest against the harsh taxation of the poorer classes.

The King is Murdered, Long Live the King

1488 James III of Scotland was murdered by rebellious Scottish nobles and was succeeded by his 15 year old son, James IV.

A Troublesome Teenager

1509 Eighteen year old King Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon, the first of his six wives. When Catherine failed to produce a male heir, Henry divorced her against the will of the Roman Catholic Church, thus precipitating the Protestant Reformation in England. Henry went on to have five more wives; two of whom (Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard) he executed for alleged adultery after he grew tired of them. Mary, his only surviving child by Catherine of Aragon, ascended to the throne upon the death of Edward VI in 1553.

Peril at Great Barrier Reef

A three-masted sailing ship beached on the shore of a bay, surrounded by wooded hills beneath a cloudy sky. A small boat carrying eight men rows away from the ship.

1770 Captain James Cook, in his ship Endeavour, ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef during his first voyage of exploration. The ship was badly damaged and his voyage was delayed for almost seven weeks while repairs were carried out on the beach. When he eventually arrived at Possession Island, he claimed the entire coastline he had just explored as British territory.

Carry On, Constable

1776 John Constable, English landscape painter was born. He is best known for his paintings representing his native valley of the River Stour, an area that came to be known as ‘Constable country’.

Short Shrift

Edward George Dennett

1907 George Dennett (a left arm spin bowler for Gloucestershire) dismissed Northamptonshire for 12 runs. It was the lowest total in English county cricket.#

Le Mans Affair

1955 Eighty three people were killed and at least 100 were injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collided at the 24 Hours Le Mans race. The race was continued, officially in order to prevent departing spectators from crowding the roads and slowing down ambulances. Britain’s Mike Hawthorn and the Jaguar team, led by motorsport manager Lofty England won the race with teammate Bueb. As a mark of respect, the pair did not indulge in wild celebration. Funeral services for the dead were held the next day at the cathedral in the town of Le Mans. It was the deadliest ever accident in motorsports.

Arise, Sir Beatle

The Beatles are standing in front of a crowd of people at the bottom of an aeroplane staircase.

1965 All four members of the British group The Beatles, were awarded OBEs in Queen Elizabeth II’s birthday honours list.

The Gun Ban

1997 The British House of Commons voted for a total ban on handguns in a free vote.

 
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Posted by on 11/06/2012 in Uncategorized

 

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