The King’s Beloved Sister
1515 Anne of Cleves, 4th wife of Henry VIII, was born.
Anne was a German noblewoman and the fourth wife of Henry VIII and as such she was Queen of England from 6 January 1540 to 9 July 1540. The marriage was never consummated and she was not crowned queen consort Following the annulment of their marriage, Anne was given a generous settlement by the King, and thereafter referred to as the King’s Beloved Sister. She lived to see the coronation of Mary I, outlasting the rest of Henry’s wives.
1598 The English playwright Ben Jonson, a contemporary of William Shakespeare, killed an actor in a duel and was put on trial for manslaughter. Jonson pleaded guilty but was released by benefit of clergy, a legal ploy through which he gained leniency by reciting a brief bible verse, forfeiting his ‘goods and chattels’ and being branded on his left thumb.
The First Tenant
1735 Sir Robert Walpole became the first prime minister to occupy 10 Downing Street.
1761 The coronation of George III. In the later part of his life, George III suffered from mental illness. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III’s eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent until his father’s death in 1820.
Happy Birthday, Mr. Farraday
1791 Michael Faraday, English chemist and physicist, was born. He was the inventor of the dynamo, the transformer and the electric motor. The Unit of capacitance – Farad – was named after him.
A Chip Off the Old Block
1896 Queen Victoria surpassed her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
The Oldest Cinema
1910 The Duke of York’s Picture House opened in Brighton. It is now the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.
The Killing Waves
1914 Three British cruisers, Aboukir, Hogue, and Cressy, were torpedoed and sunk by German U-boats, killing more than 1,400.
The Gresford Mine Tragedy
1934 The worst pit disaster in Britain for 21 years killed more than 260 miners in an explosion and fire at the Gresford Mine in Wales.
Gibbs SR Toothpaste
1955 Independent Television (ITV) began operating. Only six minutes of advertisements were allowed each hour and there was no Sunday morning TV permitted. The first advertisement screened was for Gibbs SR toothpaste.
Everything I Do
1991 Bryan Adams made chart history when his song – Everything I Do, I Do It For You, had its twelfth consecutive week as the UK No.1.
1999 Screaming Lord Sutch’s Official Monster Raving Loony Party honoured his memory with a two minute scream at a pub in Ashburton, Devon. The singer, born David Sutch, hanged himself on 16th June 1999.