Birth Of An Unlikely Queen
1533 The birth of Elizabeth I, daughter of Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII. She was Queen of England from 1558 to 1603 and was known as the Virgin Queen because she never married, being too shrewd to share power with a foreign monarch.
Death of a Survivor
1548 Catherine Parr, 6th wife of Henry VIII, died in childbirth.
1838 Grace Darling and her father rescued the crew of the Forfarshire, a steamer wrecked off the Northumberland coast, close to the Longstone Lighthouse.She became a national heroine.
1895 The first game of what would become known as rugby league football, was played in England, starting the 1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
Happy Birthday, Captain Cheshire
1917 The birth of Group Captain (Geoffrey) Leonard Cheshire, British airman. He was awarded the Victoria Cross during the Second World War and he and his wife Sue Ryder founded the Cheshire Foundation Home for the Incurably Sick in 1948.
1929 Britain won the prestigious Schneider Trophy for air speed. The winner was Flying Officer Waghorn.
Tightening the Royal Belt
1931 King George V announced he would be taking a £50,000 a year pay cut while the economic crisis continued.
1940 Germany began regular bombing of London – commonly known as ‘The Blitz’. The bombing continued nightly until 2nd November.
Farewell to Arms
1943 World War II. Italy surrendered to the Allies.
1973 Jackie Stewart became world champion racing driver for the third consecutive year.
The Umbrella Murder
1978 While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov was assassinated by a Bulgarian secret police agent using a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella.
Farewell to TOGs
2009 Sir Terry Wogan announced that he was to step down as presenter of BBC Radio 2’s breakfast show. The veteran broadcaster first hosted the breakfast show in 1972, returning to the role in 1993. Wake Up to Wogan was the UK’s most popular breakfast radio show with 7.93 million listeners each week.