The English Pope
1159 The death of Pope Adrian IV, (Nicholas Breakspeare), the only English pope.
His father was Robert, who later became a monk at St Albans. Nicholas himself, however, was refused admission to the monastery, being told by the abbot to “wait to go on with his schooling so that he might be considered more suitable”
If Only She Knew
1532 Lady Anne Boleyn was made Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII. Less than 4 years later Henry had her investigated for high treason. She was found guilty of adultery and incest and was executed on 19th May 1536.
On the Road to MRSA
1865 Joseph Lister performed the first antiseptic surgery.
The Gravy Train
1886 The Severn Tunnel, (railway tunnel) between England and Wales, was opened for goods traffic.
7 Years of No TV
1939 At dawn on 1st September, Germany made a massive invasion of Poland and bombed Warsaw at 6am, beginning World War II in Europe. The service to 2,000 televisions also ceased in Britain. There would be no more TV for seven years.
The First Supermarket
1951 The Premier supermarket opened in Earl’s Court, London; the first supermarket in Britain.
The Death of the Threepenny Piece
1971 The British penny and the threepenny piece coins ceased to be legal tender as decimalization continued.
1985 After 73 years the wreck of the liner ‘Titanic’ was found, by Dr. Robert Ballard.
The Big Win
2001 England beat bitter rivals Germany 5-1 in the World Cup qualifying tie, with Michael Owen scoring a hat-trick.
RIP, Brian Moore
2001 The death of Brian Moore, sports commentator and television presenter who covered nine World Cups, six European Championships and every FA Cup Final on ITV from 1969 to 1988 and again in 1998.
And There Was Light
2011 The introduction of an EU-wide ban on the manufacturing and importing of 60W incandescent clear light bulbs, in favour of energy-saving fluorescent and halogen bulbs and LED lights