A Lesser Spotted Tudor
1533 The death, at the age of 37, of Mary Tudor, the younger sister of King Henry VIII and queen consort of France through her marriage to Louis XII. She was first buried at the abbey at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, but her the Tudorsbody was moved to nearby St. Mary’s Church, Bury St Edmunds, when the abbey was destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
The Oxford Surrender
1646 The surrender of Oxford to the Roundheads virtually signified the end of the English Civil War.
The Battle of Santa Cruz
1797 During the battle off Santa Cruz in the Canary Islands Admiral Nelson was wounded in the right arm by grapeshot and had it amputated later that afternoon. This followed the loss of his sight in his right eye some three years earlier.
A Scandal in Bohemia
1891 The first episode of an Arthur Conan Doyle novel involving the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes was printed in the Strand Magazine in London.
Happy Birthday, Your Lordship
1900 Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma was born. He was Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy in South East Asia during the Second World War, and later Viceroy of India during the transfer of power from Britain to India. Mountbatten was assassinated in 1979 by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), who planted a bomb in his fishing boat, the Shadow V, at Mullaghmore, County Sligo, in the Republic of Ireland.
Happy Birthday, Mr. Orwell
1903 The birth of George Orwell, English novelist of ‘Animal Farm’ and ‘1984’.
1912 The Prime Minister, Herbert Asquith was bitterly attacked in the Commons for the ‘torture’ of force-feeding suffragettes in prison.
Notting Hill Murderer
1953 John Christie was sentenced to hang for murdering his wife and then hiding her body under the floorboards of their Notting Hill home in London. Christie, 54, had admitted murder but pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. It took the jury an hour and 22 minutes to reject his defence and declare him guilty.
All You Need is Love
1967 400 million viewers in 26 nations watched the world’s first televised satellite hook up; the Beatles recording of ‘All you need is love’ at Abbey Road
The Longest Singles
1969 Wimbledon saw the longest men’s singles match ever when Charlie Passarell was beaten by Pancho Gonzalez 22-24, 1-6, 16-14, 6-3, 11-9.
2001 Race violence erupted in Burnley, Lancashire. White and Asian youths were involved in a series of overnight attacks on pubs, shops and restaurants. Many vehicles were also damaged or destroyed.
The Pirates of Penzance
2011 The Pirates of Penzance – 8,734 people in fancy dress assembled on Penzance promenade at 13:00 BST. The Guinness World Records later confirmed that Penzance now holds the title for the largest gathering of pirates in one place, officially breaking the previous record set by 6,166 pirates in Hastings in 2010.