Seven Islands of Bombay
1661 A marriage contract was signed between Charles II of England and Portuguese Catherine of Braganza. Catherine’s dowry secured to England Tangier, the Seven islands of Bombay, trading privileges and two million Portuguese crowns (about £300,000).
What William Penn Penned
1683 William Penn, the English Quaker, signed a treaty with the Indian chiefs of the Lenni Lenade Tribe in an attempt to ensure peace in his new American colony, Pennsylvania.
Foundations of the Raj
1757 British troops, commanded by Robert Clive, won the Battle of Plassey in Bengal – laying the foundations of the British Empire in India.
Happy Birthday, Duke of Windsor
1894 Birth of Edward, Duke of Windsor who was King Edward VIII from 20th January to 10th December 1936 before abdicating to marry twice-divorced Mrs. Wallis Warfield Simpson.
1939 The Government of Eire declared membership of the IRA (Irish Republican Army) to be illegal.
1940 The BBC’s Music While You Work programme was first broadcast on radio to brighten up the lives of munitions workers doing boring factory jobs.
Of All I Survey
1940 World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveyed newly defeated Paris in German occupied France.
1942 Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, was captured intact when it mistakenly landed at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
Two Singles to Moscow
1951 Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, missing diplomats, fled to the USSR as Russian spies before the British authorities had the opportunity to arrest them for spying. They ‘surfaced’ in Moscow in 1956.
The Return of Great Britain
1970 The world’s first all-metal liner, Brunel’s ‘Great Britain’ returned to Bristol from the Falkland Islands where it had lain rusting since 1886.
1985 A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brought down a Boeing 747 off the coast of Ireland killing all 329 people aboard.
The Brighton Bomb
1986 Brighton bomber Patrick Magee, found guilty of planting the bomb at the Grand Hotel, Brighton during the Conservative Party Conference in 1983, was jailed for a minimum of 35 years.
For Sale or Scrap
1994 It was announced that the Royal Yacht Britannia would be sold or scrapped.
1997 Diana, Princess of Wales apologized for taking her two sons, Princes William and Harry, to see the 15 certificated film The Devil’s Own, about an IRA assassin.