Joan of Arc Strikes Again
1429 In the Hundred Years’ War, Joan of Arc led the French army in their capture of the city of Jargeau (France) against the English commander, William de la Pole, the 1st Duke of Suffolk. The English suffered heavy losses.
1458 Magdalen College, Oxford, was founded.
1667 The Dutch fleet, under Admiral de Ruyter burned Sheerness, sailed up the River Medway, raided Chatham dockyard, and then escaped with the royal barge, the Royal Charles.
A Matter of Faith
1673 The future King James I of England was forced to resign as Lord High Admiral because of his Catholic faith.
The Rye House Plot
1683 The Rye House Plot, to assassinate English king Charles II and his brother James, Duke of York, was discovered.
Happy Birthday, Mr. Kingsley
1819 Charles Kingsley, English clergyman and author of The Water Babies, was born.
The Armagh Rail Disaster
1889 Seventy eight people were killed and 260 injured, almost a third of them children, in the Armagh rail disaster in Northern Ireland. A crowded Sunday school excursion train had to negotiate a steep incline but the steam locomotive was unable to complete the climb and the train stalled. The crew divided the train but the rear portion ran back down the gradient and collided with a following train. It was the worst rail disaster in the UK in the nineteenth century, and remains Ireland`s worst ever railway disaster.
1922 George Leigh Mallory and two British climbers reached a height of 25,800 feet on Mount Everest without the aid of oxygen; the highest point ever achieved. Two years later, this same month, Mallory made another attempt with Andrew Irvine. Less than 1,000 feet from the summit, they were trapped by bad weather and were never seen alive again. (His body was eventually found on 3rd May 1999)
Farewell, Mr. Butlin
1980 Billy Butlin, English holiday camp entrepreneur, died. He opened his first Butlins camp at Skegness on 11th April 1936. It was officially opened by Amy Johnson, the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia.
The Derek Hatton Affair
1986 Derek Hatton, the controversial deputy leader of Liverpool Council, was expelled from the Labour Party for belonging to the left wing militant faction.
Lights, Camera, Inaction
1989 Members of Parliament voted to allow television cameras to broadcast proceedings in the House of Commons.
1997 Queen Elizabeth II reopened the Globe Theatre in London. The new theatre was approximately 750 feet (230 m) from the site of Shakespeare’s original theatre, built in 1599.