RIP, Robert the Bruce
1329 Robert I ‘the Bruce’, king of Scotland died. He earned a place in Scottish history for his legendary victory over the English at Bannockburn in 1314.
The Petition of Rights
1628 The Petition of Rights, one of England’s most famous constitutional documents and of equal value to the Magna Carta was granted the Royal Assent by Charles I. It set out specific liberties of the subject that the king was prohibited from infringing, including restrictions on non-Parliamentary taxation, the forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause, and restrictions on the use of martial law.
Happy Birthday, Pretty Boy
1778 The birth of George Bryan Brummell, commonly known as ‘Beau’ Brummell. He was an iconic figure in Regency England and is credited with introducing, and establishing as fashion, the modern men’s suit, worn with a tie. He claimed he took five hours to dress, and recommended that boots be polished with champagne.
Happy Birthday, Mr.Rennie
1761 The birth of John Rennie, Scottish civil engineer and designer of London Bridge.
Happy Birthday, Mr. Simpson
1811 The birth in Bathgate, West Lothian, of James Young Simpson. He discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and successfully introduced it for general medical use.
1862 The United Kingdom and the United States agreed to suppress the slave trade.
The Launch of Lusitania
1906 Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania was launched at the John Brown Shipyard at Clydebank, Glasgow. At the time she was the world’s fastest and largest liner.
Yes, Mrs Minister
1929 Mrs. Margaret Bondfield became the first woman cabinet minister in the Labour government, as Ramsay Macdonald’s Minister of Labour.
A Well Travelled King
1939 King George VI became the first British monarch to visit the United States of America.
1977 More than one million people lined the streets of London to watch the Royal Family on their way to St. Paul’s at the start of the Queen’s silver jubilee celebrations.
Return of the T-Steak
1990 France, West Germany and Italy lifted a ban on British beef-on-the-bone after reaching a deal in Brussels.
A Welcome First
1991 Bill Morris became the first black trades union leader in the UK – being elected Secretary-General of the Transport and General Workers Union.
Blair and the Women
2000 Tony Blair, the UK prime minister was heckled and criticised by the respected Women’s Institute members as he gave a speech at their conference.
The M5 Emergency
2000 Animal welfare companies praised a policeman who closed a section of the M5 in Devon to rescue three ducklings.