A Birthday Present to Self
1660 On his 30th birthday, Charles II marched into London and was restored to the throne, 11 years after the execution of his father Charles I.
The United Irishmen Rebellion
1798 The United Irishmen Rebellion against British Rule took place. Between 300 and 500 United Irishmen were massacred by the British Army in County Kildare, Ireland.
1871 Whit Monday became the first official Bank Holiday in Britain.
All Steamed Up
1884 The first steam cable tramway began operating in London’s Highgate.
On the Radar
1902 The birth of Sir Leonard Huxley, English scientist who developed radar.
Coronation and the Summit
1953 Sir Edmund Hillary and his sherpa Tenzing Norgay, became the first men to reach the summit of Mount Everest in the Himalayas. The news of the British expedition broke in Britain on Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation Day, 2nd June. The Queen knighted Edmund Hillary later that year.
1968 Manchester United become the first English club to win the European Cup beating Portuguese side Benfica by four goals to one.
1977 Nigel Short, an 11 year old English schoolboy , qualified as the youngest ever competitor in a national chess championship. He had already beaten Viktor Korchnoi during an exhibition game.
1982 In the first Papal visit to Britain since 1531, Polish born Pope John Paul II prayed alongside the Archbishop of Canterbury, becoming the first ever pontiff to visit the cathedral. He was acclaimed as one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century and was one of the most-travelled world leaders in history. He visited 129 countries during his pontificate, was the second-longest serving Pope in history and the first non-Italian Pope since 1523.
Let’s Change the People
1984 Police used riot gear for the first time since the miners’ strike began , at a picket at Orgreave, near Sheffield.