Religion and Warfare
1153 Malcolm IV became King of Scotland. He was noted for his religious zeal and interest in knighthood and warfare. For much of his reign he was in poor health and died, unmarried, at the age of twenty-four.
Just Like Cesar
1657 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refused parliament’s offer of the title King of England.
1679 Britain passed the Habeas Corpus Act which made it illegal to hold anyone in prison without a trial.
1849 The Great Hall of Euston station in London was opened. It was the first inter-city railway station to be built in London.
Splitting Hairs and Atoms
1897 The birth of John Cockcroft, the English nuclear physicist who split the atom.
The Swan Song
1914 Joseph Wilson Swan, British electric lamp inventor, died. Swan received a British patent for his device in 1878, about a year before the American, Thomas Edison.
The First Oilfield
1919 Oil was struck at Britain’s first on-shore oilfield of three wells, at Hardstoft, near Tibshelf in Derbyshire.
Queen Mary and All Who Sail in Her
1936 Britain’s 80,733 tonne liner Queen Mary left Southampton on her maiden voyage to New York with more than 1800 passengers.
1940 World War II: the start of Operation Dynamo – the evacuation of British and French troops from the beaches of Dunkirk.
Sinking of the Bismark
1941 World War II: Royal Naval ships Dorsetshire, King George V and Rodney attacked and sank the German battleship Bismarck in the Atlantic after it had been damaged by torpedoes dropped by British aircraft from HMS Ark Royal.
Rise, Sir Bob
1986 Irish-born singer Bob Geldof was made an honorary Knight of the Realm by Queen Elizabeth II for his efforts to raise money for the starving of Africa.
For All The Good That’s Done To Anyone
2008 Hundreds of lorry drivers protested in London over the continuing rising cost of fuel and a two-mile line of lorries crawled along the M4 towards Cardiff.