Pillars of the Earth
1092 Lincoln Cathedral was consecrated. For 249 years it was reputedly the tallest building in the world. Writer John Ruskin declared that “The cathedral of Lincoln is out and out the most precious piece of architecture in the British Isles and roughly speaking worth any two other cathedrals we have.”
Comedia De L’Arte
1662 The first recorded Punch & Judy Show in Britain took place at Covent Garden in London.
1671 Irishman Colonel Thomas Blood attempted to steal the British Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. Despite being caught red-handed, he was pardoned by King Charles II.
A Lost Boy
1860 The birth in Kirriemuir, Angus, of Sir J.M. Barrie, Scottish playwright best known for his work – Peter Pan.
Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show
1887 Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show opened in London. His cowboy themed shows also toured Europe as well as the United States.Cody was an American soldier, bison hunter and showman and was one of the most colourful figures of the American Old West.
1896 The first ‘Horseless Carriage’ Show opened at the Imperial Institute in London, when ten engine-powered models went on show to the public.
1904 The steam locomotive City of Truro (engine number 3440), designed by George Jackson Churchward and built at the GWR Swindon Works, became the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph.
Happy Birthday, Allan Bennet
1934 Alan Bennett, English actor and playwright born, in Leeds.
Happy Birthday, Albert Finney
1936 Albert Finney, British actor (Murder on the Orient Express, Tom Jones) was born, in Pendleton, Salford.
Capture the Enigma
1941 World War II: The German submarine U-110 was captured by the Royal Navy. On board was the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later used to break coded German messages.
1960 Start of the sexual revolution of the 1960s when the birth control pill went on the market.
1996 The British House of Commons voted to maintain the Ministry of Defence ban on homosexuals serving in the armed forces.