Penny for a Guy
1570 The birth, in York, of Guy Fawkes, also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish in the Low Countries. He belonged to a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Fortune Befriends the Bold
1668 The appointment of the first Poet Laureate – John Dryden.
The Host of Boston Tea Party
1732 The birth of Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guildford. As Lord North, he levied the tax on tea that so incensed the American colonists that it provoked the so called ‘Boston Tea Party’.
1741 Britain’s Royal Military Academy was established at Woolwich. It is now at Sandhurst.
Messiah in Dublin
1742 George Frideric Handel’s oratorio Messiah made its world-premiere, in Dublin, Ireland.
1829 The British Parliament passed the Catholic Emancipation Act, lifting restrictions imposed on Catholics at the time of Henry VIII.
1892 The birth of Sir Arthur Travers Harris, Royal Air Force Bomber commander, nicknamed ‘Bomber’ Harris by the press, and often within the RAF as ‘Butcher’ Harris. He instituted the mass bombing raids over Germany, including the controversial blanket bombing of Dresden.
On the Radar
1892 The birth of Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, considered by many to be the inventor of radar. The system provided the vital advance information that helped the Royal Air Force win the Battle of Britain.
Amritsar – Jallianwala Bagh massacre
1919 British troops opened fire on 10,000 unarmed civilians at Amritsar in India who had defied the restrictions against public gatherings. 379 people were killed and 1,200 wounded.
Room at the Top
1922 John Braine, English novelist was born. His books included best sellers ‘Room at the Top’ and ‘Life at the Top’.
Payne in the Rovers’ Side
1936 Luton Town footballer Joe Payne, aged 22, set a goal scoring record when he scored ten goals in one match against Bristol Rovers.
The Jackal and the King
1937 The birth of Edward Fox, stage, film and television actor. He is generally associated with portraying the role of the upper-class Englishman, such as the title character in the film The Day of the Jackal (1973) and King Edward VIII in Edward & Mrs. Simpson (1978).