The House of Lancaster
1413 Henry V was crowned King of England. He was the second English monarch from the House of Lancaster.
… but 75 days later
1483 The young Edward V acceded to the throne on the death of Edward IV. The boy was murdered in the Tower 75 days later, on 25th June.
St. John’s College
1511 St John’s College, Cambridge, founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort (mother of King Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII), received its charter.
All Things Called Virginia
1585 The expedition organised by Sir Walter Raleigh departed England for Roanoke Island (now in North Carolina) to establish a permanent English settlement in what later became the Virginia Colony.
Kinsmen at Arms
1649 The birth of James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, claimant to the English throne, who led a failed rebellion against James II which cost him his head. His 320 accomplices were seThentenced to death by Judge Jeffreys.
The Last of the Beheaded
1747 The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for high treason. He was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain, in a form of execution which had been reserved for the nobility.
Welcome to Botany Bay
1770 The explorer Captain Cook arrived in Botany Bay, Australia, the first European to do so.
My Kingdom for a Brunel
1806 English engineer and inventor Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born. He was perhaps the greatest of the 19th-century engineers and designed railways, bridges, tunnels, viaducts and ships.
The National Galery
1838 The National Gallery in Trafalgar Square, London opened.
Kamikaze at Croydon
1937 The Kamikaze arrived at Croydon Airport in London. It was the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe. The flight from Tokyo to London took 51 hours, 17 minutes and 23 seconds
On the Buses
1969 Sikh busmen in Wolverhampton won the right to wear turbans on duty.
1983 English trainer Jenny Pitman became the first woman to train the winner of the Grand National (Corbiere) at Aintree, Liverpool.
2002 The funeral of the Queen Mother was held at Westminster Abbey.
2005 The Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles were married, in a civil ceremony at the Guildhall in Windsor.