War of the Roses
1461 Over 28,000 people were killed in the battle of Towton, North Yorkshire, during the War of the Roses (Lancaster against York). The Lancastrians, under Henry VI, were crushed and the throne was claimed by Edward IV.
1788 The death of Charles Wesley, English evangelist and hymn-writer. In the course of his career, he published the words of over six thousand hymns, many of which are still popular today.
The Royal Albert Hall
1871 Queen Victoria opened the Royal Albert Hall in London. The hall was originally supposed to have been called The Central Hall of Arts and Sciences, but the name was changed by Queen Victoria to Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences when laying the foundation stone, as a dedication to her deceased husband and consort Prince Albert.
Captain Scott’s Last Entry
1912 The last entry in British explorer Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s diary. He died in Antarctica, along with the rest of his party, whilst returning from the South Pole.
1940 The Bank of England introduced thin metal strips into banknotes as an anti-forgery device.
1981 The first London marathon took place, with around 7,000 entrants.
The World Champion
1988 Lloyd Honeyghan became the first British boxer to regain a world title since Ted ‘Kid’ Lewis, 71 years previously. Honeyghan knocked out Jorgé Vaca of Mexico in the third round at the Wembley Arena, London.
James Hanratty Was Innocent
1999 The case of James Hanratty was sent back to the Court of Appeal, 37 years after he was hanged for murder. New DNA evidence emerged and a police inquiry highlighted flaws in the original investigation.
No Smoke Without Fire
2004 The Republic of Ireland became the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.