The End of an Era
1603 After 44 years of rule, Queen Elizabeth I of England died. The English and Scottish crowns were united when James VI of Scotland became King James 1st of England.
The Start of an Era
1707 The Acts of Union 1707 was signed, officially uniting the Kingdoms of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.
What a Relief
Parliament of the United Kingdom
|Long title||An Act for the Relief of His Majesty’s Roman Catholic Subjects.|
|Statute book chapter||10 Geo. 4 c. 7|
|Royal Assent||13 April 1829|
|Status: Current legislation|
1829 Parliament passed the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, allowing Catholics to serve in Parliament.
Birth of a Designer
1834 William Morris, English craftsman, poet and socialist, was born. His designs for furniture, fabrics, stained glass, wallpaper, and other decorative products revolutionized Victorian taste.
1877 The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race on the River Thames ended in a dead heat. Legend in Oxford has it that the judge, ‘Honest John’ Phelps, was asleep under a bush when the race finished, leading him to announce the result as a ‘dead heat to Oxford by four feet’!
The Great Escape
1944 World War II: In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners began breaking out of Stalag Luft III.
Letters from America
1946 Broadcaster Alastair Cooke read his first ‘Letter from America’ on BBC Radio. His weekly broadcasts continued for more than 50 years.
More Oxbridge Capers
1951 The Oxford boat sank during the University boat race. Cambridge won the rematch two days later.
No One Left to Call Me Mary
1953 Her Majesty, Queen Mary, (Queen Consort to King George V) died peacefully in her sleep after a long illness. According to a story, after King George died she said – ‘There’s no one left now to call me Mary.’
1976 The death of British Field Marshal Montgomery, one of the outstanding Allied commanders in World War II.
A Punch Too Far
1992 Punch, Britain’s oldest satirical magazine dating back almost 151 years, announced that it would cease publication because of financial losses.
Jewels in the Crown
1994 The new Jewel House, at the Tower of London, was opened by the Queen.