The Knowledge Bank
1545 The birth of Sir Thomas Bodley, English diplomat, scholar and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The library is the main research library of the University of Oxford, and is second only in size to the British Library.
1705 The birth of William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician. He is best known for his judgment in what was known as Somersett’s Case, where he held that slavery was unlawful in England, although this did not end slave trafficking altogether.
Eight Lives of Queen Victoria
1882 An unsuccessful attempt was made by Scotsman Roderick Maclean to assassinate Queen Victoria. As she was leaving Windsor railway station he stepped forward from the cheering crowd, lifted a revolver and fired into her carriage. Before a second shot could be fired, he was overpowered by the crowd and arrested by Superintendent Hayes. Remaining calm, the Queen and her companions rode on to Windsor Castle.
Queen Victoria survived eight assassination attempts.
Lady Chatterley’s Lover
1930 David Herbert Lawrence (known as D.H. Lawrence), novelist and poet, died from tuberculosis in Vence – France at the age of 44. His books included Lady Chatterley’s Lover, Women in Love and Sons and Lovers.
The Maiden Flight
1969 The maiden flight of Concorde, the Anglo-French supersonic airline. The Anglo-French plane took off from Toulouse and was in the air for just 27 minutes.
Harry Potter OBE
2001 Joanne Kathleen Rowling (J. K. Rowling), author of Harry Potter, received an OBE from HRH Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace.