George, Duke of Clarence and a Butt of Malmsey Wine
1478 George, Duke of Clarence, impeached for treason by his brothers Edward IV and Richard III, was, (so legend decrees), secretly drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine at the Tower of London. The allegations may have originated as a joke, based on his reputation as a heavy drinker. However, a butt was equal to 105 imperial gallons, enough to easily drown in. A body, believed to be that of Clarence was later exhumed, and showed no indications of beheading, the normal method of execution for those of noble birth at that time.
Henry VIII, the Prince of Wales
1504 The 12 year-old future King Henry VIII was invested as Prince of Wales.
Queen Mary I
1517 The birth of Mary I, Queen of England, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
1678 Pilgrim’s Progress was published. John Bunyan started writing it during his second term in prison, for preaching on behalf of the Baptists.
New Zealand Line
1876 A direct telegraph line was established between Britain and New Zealand.
England 13 – Ireland 0
1882 Oliver Vaughton (5 goals) and Arthur Brown (4 goals) became the first English players to score hat tricks in a full football international when England beat Ireland 13-0.
1949 Opportunity Knocks was presented for the first time (on BBC radio) by its creator, Hughie Greene. It later transferred to Radio Luxembourg then went on to become a popular television programme on ITV.
The Boat Race
1981 Oxford University announced that Sue Brown would become the first woman cox in the history of the University Boat Race
2003 The Hutton inquiry heard that No.10 Downing Street authorised a substantial rewrite of its Iraq arms dossier before publication.