Baby, It’s Cold Outside
1874 The birth, in Ireland, of Sir Ernest Shackleton, British Antarctic explorer. He went on Scott’s original expedition in 1901-4 before leading his own in 1907, which got within a short distance of the South Pole.
1928 After some 70 years’ work, the 1st Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed.
1929 Graham Hill, British motor racing world champion, was born. He won the Formula One World Champion twice and was the only driver to win the Triple Crown of Motorsport — the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the Indianapolis 500 and the Formula One World Championship. Graham Hill and his son Damon are the only father and son pair to have both won the Formula One World Championship. Hill and five of his team members died in 1975 when the aeroplane he was piloting crashed in foggy conditions near Arkley golf course in London.
Death of a Shilling
1971 The British Government launched a new decimal currency across the country. The familiar pound (£), shilling (s) and pence (d) coins that had been in existence for more than 1000 years were to be phased out in the space of 18 months in favour of a system with 100 pennies to the pound rather than 240.
Never on a Sunday
1981 An English Football League match was played on a Sunday for the first time.
Not in My Name
2003 Protests against the Iraq war occurred in over 600 cities worldwide. Estimates from 8,000,000 – 30,000,000 people took part, making it the largest peace demonstration ever.