1625 King Charles I of England married Henrietta Maria of France.
The Great Plague
1665 The Great Plague began to take hold, as the official death toll reached 112.
Happy Birthday, Mr. Arnold
1795 Dr. Thomas Arnold, English educationalist and reformer of the Public School system whilst he was headmaster of Rugby School, was born.
Train Driver’s Assistant
1842 Queen Victoria travelled by train for the first time, from Slough (near Windsor Castle) to Paddington, accompanied by Prince Albert. A special coach had been built earlier, but the Queen had been reluctant to try this new form of travel. On her first journey, the engine driver was assisted by the great civil engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
Clean Up Britain
1910 Birth of Mary Whitehouse, English co-founder of the ‘Clean up TV campaign’ and Honorary General Secretary of the National Viewers’ and Listeners’ Association.
Gotha G Bombers
1917 The deadliest German air raid on London during World War I was carried out by Gotha G bombers and resulted in 162 deaths, including 46 children, with a further 432 people injured.
Hanging Up The Boots
1931 Jesse Boot, (Boots – the chemist) English pharmacist, drug manufacturer, and philanthropist died.
1942 British forces lost 230 tanks in desert fighting.
Doodlebugs Have Landed
1944 World War II: the first German V1 flying bomb, or ‘doodlebug’ landed in Britain – killing three people in a house in the coastal city of Southampton. Only four of the eleven bombs hit their targets.
Royal National Theatre
1951 Queen Elizabeth II (then Princess Elizabeth) laid the foundation stone for what was to become the Royal National Theatre
The Long and Winding Road
1970 ‘The Long and Winding Road’ became the Beatles’ last Number 1 single. The released version of the song was very successful, but the post-production modifications to the song by producer Phil Spector angered McCartney to the point that when he made his case in court for breaking up The Beatles as a legal entity, McCartney cited the treatment of ‘The Long and Winding Road’ as one of six reasons for doing so.
The Maiden Speech
1974 Prince Charles made his maiden speech in House of Lords. It was the first such royal speech in 90 years.
Don’t Give a Monkey’s
1996 French and British researchers injected material from cows suffering from BSE into the brains of macaque monkeys and found the same disease patterns as in patients suffering from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).
1987 Princess Anne was given the title Princess Royal.